Canada is one of the largest and developed countries in the North American continent. Canada is a place that is naturally blessed with people who are known to be very welcoming. Because of the development and opportunities in Canada, the country has recorded a high influx of people over the years and a good number of people are wondering how they can get to Canada.

Generally, a visa is a stamp on your passport that would enable you to enter the country you have applied for. Each country has a Canadian consulate or embassy where visa application processes are carried out. The consulate in Nigeria is located in Abuja and Victoria island Lagos.

The following are the guidelines on how to apply for a Canada visa:

  1. Do you need a visa? 
  2. Choose the type of visa to apply for
  3. Canada visa application
  4. Gather the documents
  5. Pay application fee
  6. Submit passport and processing fee
  7. Wait for processing


Applicants from over 135 countries including will need to apply for a visa before entering Canada, except for countries with visa waiver or exemption or electronic travel authorization.



There are different types of Canadian visa, you must know the type of visa you want to apply for. These types of visas have been grouped into temporary visas, permanent visas, and express entry case.


The temporal visa allows an applicant to stay in Canada for a period usually not more than six months.

The following are the Canadian temporary visa:

  • Canada tourist visa
  • Canada super visa
  • Diplomatic and official visa
  • Courtesy visa
  • Visa to give birth I Canada
  • Intending organ donors visa
  • Canada student visa
  • Canada temporary work visa
  • Canada temporary residence permit
  • Working holiday visa. Etc 


This is known as an immigrant where the visa holder to allowed to permanently settle in Canada.

The following are Canadian permanent visa:

  •  Immigrant investor program
  •  Startup visa program 
  •  Self-employed visa program
  •  Self-employed persons visa
  •  Family sponsorship visa. Etc 


The Canadian express entry case was designed by the Canadian government to allow people with the specific skill to migrate to Canada. They are categorized into;

Federal skilled trade program (FSTP): this is open for qualified artisans such as carpenters, plumbers, mechanics, welders, etc.

Federal skilled workers (FSW): This is open for professionals.

Provincial nomination program (PNP): PNP is given to open whose work would contribute positively to the economy of Canada. 


A Canada visa is a stamp on your passport that allows you to enter Canada, either temporarily or permanently.

The following are the step by step guide to apply for a Canada visa:

  1. If you need and are qualified for a Canada visa 
  2. Create your online account
  3. Gather your documents
  4. Pay the application fee
  5. Wait for processing
  6. Submit your passport and your processing fee


IF YOU ARE QUALIFIED FOR A VISA: to check if you are qualified or eligible for a visa, and depending on the type of visa you need, kindly go on their website and answer the questionnaire online after which you will be notified if you are eligible to apply for the visa you have applied for or if you are not eligible. In some cases, the system matches you with the type of visa that suits you.

 CREATE YOUR ONLINE ACCOUNT : After answering the questionnaire online, a reference code, and some instructions will be sent to you on how to create your online account. You can create your online account using your online banking login or create a government of Canada login (GCkey) either way, you’ll use your banking details to pay for the visa fee and use your referral code to start applying for the visa you are eligible to apply for.

 GATHER YOUR DOCUMENTS: Once you login to your account, the system will show you a list of documents for your Canadian visa application process. The documents needed for Canadian visa application include:

  • Passport
  • Photograph in accordance to requirements
  • Visa application form
  • Proof of return back to home country
  • Medical or letter from a physician
  • Police clearance
  • Purpose of your travel
  • Supporting letter/invitation 

 PAY THE APPLICATION FEE: The amount to be paid depends on the type of visa you are applying for.

  • Temporary visa:

Visitor visa fee, depending on the type ranges from $CAN100-500

Work permits depending on the type range from $CAN100-355

Study permit depending on the type ranges from $CAN100-350

  •  Permanent visa:

Business immigration fee, depending on the type ranges from $CAN150-1540

Economic immigration fee, depending on the type ranges from $CAN150-1,040

Humanitarian immigration fee, depending on the type ranges from $CAN150-1,040. Etc.

Protected person immigration fee, depending on the type $150 to $550

Permit holders class fee, depending on the type $325 and $815

Visa application fees are also known as embassy fee.

WAIT FOR PROCESSING: In this stage, more documents may be requested and an interview would also be scheduled. Depending on the type of visa you are applying it takes at least two weeks for processing a visa. After the interview with the official, they’ll let you know either immediately or later on their decision towards your visa application.

 SUBMIT YOUR PASSPORT AND PROCESSING FEE: If your visa application was successful, you’ll need to pay your processing fee depending on the type of visa you are applying for, which is usually $CAN20 to $50 after which you’ll pay for a return envelope for your passport.

At the point of entry to Canada, the official will be asked for your passport and other necessary documents. You will be asked questions and if they are satisfied, only then can you be able to enter Canada, otherwise, you’ll be deported back to your home country even though you’ve been granted visa by the Canadian embassy or consulate.

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